Write a 11 pages paper on reinforcement theory and the study of human behavior. Reinforcers put into place throughout human civilization that has enabled us to aspire towards greatness, and this is a field of psychology that continues to expand our horizons in terms of helping us understand the power that resides within each human being. The reinforcement theory helps people to better understand this process. First proposed by BF Skinner, industrial and organizational psychologists have long since been keenly aware of the power that certain reinforcers have in terms of motivating people towards positive action.
The reinforcement theory itself stipulates that the behavior that an individual expresses is actually a direct function and reflection of its consequences. In essence, the reinforcement theory is predicated on the notion of law and effect, whereby an individual that receives positive consequences after their behavior tends to repeat that same behavior, yet individuals you receive negative consequences work hard to not repeat that same behavior. At the same time, there are certain limitations to the reinforcement theory that must be taken into consideration as well, such as the reality that the theory itself overlooks the internal state of the individual in question. This includes the inner feelings and drives that individuals tend to have throughout their lives, yet these are overlooked by Skinner’s original theory and subsequent discussions. The theory itself is designed to focus upon what happens to a person when he or she undertakes a given action, so the external environment that exists should be designed in an effective and positive manner so that people are motivated to act. In today’s increasingly modern, global, and competitive atmosphere, this is most commonly reflected in an organization’s ability to inspire and motivate employees to excellence. As such, the reinforcement theory can certainly be seen to be an effective tool in terms of analyzing and controlling mechanisms.