*** please respond to each peers DQ answers with a comment add citations and references ****Response one: A stroke or brain attack occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain is cut off, and the brain cells become deprived of oxygen and begin to die– when they die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain are lost (Grand Canyon University, 2018). According to the National Stroke Association, each year nearly 80,000 people have a new or recurrent stroke, a stroke happens every 40 seconds, is the 5th leading cause of death in the United States, every 4 minutes someone dies from a stroke, up to 8% of strokes can be prevented and is the leading cause of adult disability in the United States (National Stroke Association, n.d.) Because stroke is an emergency, it is vital to recognize the symptoms of a stroke because getting help and treatment quickly will have a better outcome.The symptoms can be easily remembered with the acronym F-A-S-T.(F)ace: Ask the person to smile and assess whether one side of the face is drooping.(A)rms: Ask the person to raise both arms and assess whether one arm drifts downward.(S)peech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase and assess if their speech is slurred or strange.(T)ime: If one observes any of these signs, call 911 immediately.Strokes can cause patients to feel helpless and lose a sense of independence, depending on the severity of a stroke. Patients may require additional help with activities of daily living and may enter a facility that has physical therapy to help with the weakness that has occurred from a stroke. At the skilled nursing facility, I work at, I have encountered several patients who are admitted from a stroke for psychological, occupational, and speech therapy. When a patient has had a stroke, both the individual and family are impacted by the stressful demand that a stroke can lead to, and it is vital for the nurse to support the patient’s and families’ psychological and emotional needs by providing education and resources for the recovery phase. There are many stroke support groups, magazines, helplines, and a resource library that can be accessed on the National Stroke Association website (National Stroke Association, n.d.) As nurses, we must provide therapeutic communication and the best optimal care for our patients.References:Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Pathophysiology: Clinical applications for client health. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs410v/pathophysiology-cl…National Stroke Association. (n.d.). What is stroke? Retrieved from https://www.stroke.org/understand-stroke/what-is-s…Response two: The clock is ticking on the diagnosis of stoke and effective treatment. At the onset of symptoms a patient should be receiving treatment within 90 minutes. ..

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