I need some assistance with these assignment. ’emotions affect the way that we think and behave in a variety of personal and social contexts’ (haselton and ketelaar, 2005). how far do you think evolutionary psychology comprehensively explains the role of emotion in human behaviour Thank you in advance for the help! The first theory, the standard theory, holds that behavior is a direct consequence of emotions. According to this theory, the evolving function and purpose of emotions elicit certain behavior (Baumeister et. al., 2007).For instance, a child might decide to be ill-tempered because he is angry or fear causes a child to run. In this situation, the grumpy behavior is as a result of the angry emotions.
The second theory that tries to establish a relationship between emotions and behavior states that conscious emotion comes after behavior (Baumeister et al., 2007).This implies that emotion operates a system of inner feedback, which stimulates one to reflect on the behavior’s consequences. It, therefore, holds that emotion indirectly influences behavior. For instance, a child will desist from stealing from the parent because they know that they will feel guilty afterwards.
Of the two theories, the first one holds a lot of water. This explains why it is widely accepted within psychology. Other than the wide acceptance, the first theory is superior to the second one since it reaps from the benefits of parsimony and tradition. The second theory should only be applicable if the first one is inadequate given the available evidence (Baumeister et. al., 2007). For all the accolades and support of the direct causation theory, it has received its fair share of criticism.
The comparison of the two theories confirms that emotions affect human behavior. The incentive of performance is carried in the emotion. It is important to understand the chain of events that lead to behavior as a result of emotions. Outcomes and actions will arouse an emotion. The elicited emotion will consequently inspire reappraisal, cognitive processing and simulations. These three will collectively act on creation of behavior.