Hi, need to submit a 1250 words paper on the topic Diabetes Mellitus: The Tale of the Torment. Specifically, the topic of diabetes mellitus was chosen for this paper to initiate awareness of the different innovative programs conducted by the WHO and ADA that would potentially prevent the onset of the disease among susceptible individuals and cut-down healthcare expenses. As fewer people are aware of these programs, most of the population is unaware that the disease can be prevented if certain lifestyle changes have been initiated before its onset. While several other diseases also present similar problems with costs, diabetes’s chronic nature of diabetes drains out resources and gives suffering in the most difficult ways.
In the epidemiologic survey by the WHO (2000), an estimated 177 million individuals are affected by the disease worldwide. In the United States, diabetes affects 7% of the population and currently ranks fourth in the leading causes of death by disease among Americans, particularly due to its cardiovascular complications. In the recent survey conducted by the American Diabetes Association (2013), the costs of treatment and diabetes control in the U.S. have abruptly soared from $174 billion in 2007 to $245 billion in 2012. Reasons that caused the sudden increase in health care cost include the general increasing price of insulin and other medications that control the disease’s progression and prevent complications.
Diabetes mellitus (D.M.) is a cluster of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia or an increased glucose level in the blood. Although genetic predisposition and environmental factors play a role in the development of the condition, D.M.’s main mechanisms primarily involve problems with insulin secretion, insulin action, or, more commonly, both (Cooper et al. 601).