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Question 3 (1 point) Which of the following is a moral consideration that we discussed that speaks against taking fulfilling people’s desires/preferences as counting as what is good without qualification? Desires and preferences are too inconsequential to be worth fulfilling for most people. They are just not that important in the scheme of things, Fulfilling the preferences/desires of child molesters and pedophiles would be counted as good, when these are not good things. It is hard to determine what people desire/prefer. It would be impossible to execute such a view in practice. How are we supposed to know what people really want? Some people’s desires and preferences are of questionable taste. Only people with good taste and a proper sense of aesthetic value should be able to weigh in on what is really good with their preferences.
Question 8 (1 point) Allesandra Tanesini thinks that the version of standpoint theory based on allegedly “shared experiences” of women as such, drastically underestimates the importance of differences and disparities (e.g. racial, ethnic, socioeconomic, sexual, etc.) between women, and thus runs the risks of making unwarranted generalization about “all women.” True False
Question 25 (1 point) Which of the following is not a way that we discussed of trying to get around against skeptical objections about our knowledge of the external world? Emphasizing that I know with much more certainty what I ordinarily take myself to know as compared to the claim that I cannot rule myself out of the skeptical situation. Emphasizing that the skeptic’s view of knowledge is immature and childish, and should be laughed off as absurd; the more time and effort one gives to taking seriously the skeptic’s arguments the more empowered the skeptic is. Pointing to an unquestionable, unassailable, base-level of knowledge that is immediately- or self-justified and provides a firm basis for our ordinary knowledge. Appealing to the idea of relevant (or reasonable) alternatives and not just possible alternatives, perhaps according to the context of the discussion in question. The idea that knowledge is not a matter of having an internal justification or account of what I take myself to know, but rather a matter of being reliably, causally hooked-up to the source of my belief(s) in the external world.
Question 26 (1 point) The “veil of ignorance” is a hypothetical quality of the original situation in which no one knows her or his place in society, class position, social status, fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, intelligence, not even their conceptions of the good or their own psychological propensities. True False
Question 28 (1 point) The view that there are two kinds of entities or properties in the world, mental and physical, is a form of about the relationship between the mind and body. materialism functionalism monism idealism dualism Question 29 (1 point) Al-Ghazali’s quest for knowledge is religious, and therefore, he never questions or doubts. True False
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