Create a 8 pages page paper that discusses low glycemic index diets in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. When this happens, three types of diabetes are imminent. type 1 diabetes due to insufficient secretion of insulin, type 2 diabetes due to cell resistance to insulin, and gestational diabetes which is experienced when expectant mothers develop high levels of blood glucose. If the disorders go unnoticed, they develop into complications such as nonketotic hyperosmolar coma or diabetic ketoacidosis in the short term. Long term complications such as kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, eye damage, stroke, or foot ulcers may develop if the disorders are not treated in time.
Literature Review Brand-Miller, Hayne, Petocz, and Colagiuri (2003, p. 2261) conducted studies aimed at answering the query whether low glycemic index diets significantly improved glycemic control in diabetes patients as compared to high glycemic index diets. There were 203 type 1 and 153 types 2 diabetes patients. The evaluation was to be done depending on the levels of fructosamine and HbA1c levels before and after the tests for a period of 12 weeks. The low-GI foods used were high in carbohydrates such as oats, peas, beans, barley, bulgur, and pasta amongst others. High GI foods used were foods with minimal carbohydrate content such as white bread, potato, rice, and breakfast cereals. The results showed that the group that was on low-GIfoods showed lower levels of HbA1c (0.4% lower) and fructosamine (0.2mmol/l lower) as compared to those on high GI foods. As such, the studies showed that low-GI diets have significant [clinical] benefits in diabetes mellitus treatment and management.
Similarly, Moses, Barker, Winter, Petocz, & Brand-Miller (2009, p.996) sought to determine the efficacy of the medical advice that a low-glycemic index diet is effective in treating expectant women with diabetes by improving pregnancy outcomes. The study was conducted owing to the controversial debate surrounding the advice. The test featured 63 expectant women of ages 18 to 40 years who had no prior diagnosis of gestational diabetes and were able to follow an established protocol. .