Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses the history of evolution. From time immemorial, man has sought to understand how life forms evolved, and this quest to understand the mystery of evolution has led to the formulation of a number of philosophies and scientific explanations, seeking to unravel the process of creation and evolution. The theory of evolution has been propounded variously by different individuals in different ages and in accordance with the scientific, theological and philosophical beliefs prevalent in the age. From the ancient Greeks to the Renaissance to the Victorian times and in the Modern age, the evolution of this theory itself has been remarkable.
The work of Charles Darwin is considered the final word in the theory of evolution, but two millennia before him, the ancient Greeks had pondered over the same problem. Anaximander (c. 610–546 BC) placed the development of life in the sea, from where these organisms gradually moved to land, while Empedocles (c. 490–430 BC) also theorized that living things did not originate from a supernatural force. (Campbell, Gordon “Empedocles”). They were said to have “survived, being accidentally compounded in a suitable way” according to Aristotle’s exposition on Empedocles. (Phys. B8, 198b29 in Kirk, et. al., 304). Aristotle’s theory of evolution was based on studies around the Isle of Lesbos. He emphasized order and purpose and used teleology, to explain evolution. He was a vitalist, and to him, the soul was the final cause for all beings and in his ‘Parts of Animals’ he says, “now it may be that the form of any living creature is a soul, or some part of the soul, or something that involves soul” (641a, 18). He classified organisms in accordance with their complexity of structure and function, or the “ladder of life” (Johnston, Ian, 1999). . .