Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses electronic engineering. The prototype of the configuration was fixed and measured between the frequencies of 0 and 3 GHz. The simulation and the experiment outcome showed properties such as impedance bandwidth and electromagnetic radiation.
This session introduces the application of the electromagnetism simulation tool, the CST, in electromagnetic design. The simulation is done with a rectangular monopole antenna with the feeding line and an etched ground plane having a single band antenna of frequency ranging between 1 and 2 GHz. The corners of the antenna were truncated and slotted at the center for the enhancement and optimization of its bandwidth. The PRMA (printed rectangular monopole antenna) was supplied fed by an SMA connector at 50Ω under the antenna etched ground plane (Balanis 1997, p.54). The outputs of the properties of interest from the antenna include the return loss, the patterns of radiation, the directivity, and the gains as determined by the simulation process, in which this study uses the Computer Simulation Technology (CST).
The PRMA is expected to be optimized in order to provide extremely wide bandwidths of the impedance, having the acceptable performance of electromagnetic radiation.
The CST MICROWAVE STUDIO was the preferred software application for the simulation of electromagnetic analysis as well as the design using higher ranges of the frequency range. The software applied 4 different approaches in the simulation including:
Transient solverFrequency-domain solverEigenmode solverModal analysis solver
Out of the four methods, the transient solver method was the most flexible transient solver. This can obtain the whole behavior of the frequency band in a single run of calculations as opposed to the frequency stepping method of many other simulators. The solver is highly efficient in many high-frequency applications including connectors, filters, transmission lines, and filters.