Complete 6 pages APA formatted article: How the Reed Dance and Umcwasho Customs Relate to the HIV Aids Pandemic. Reed dance cultural ceremony .was initiated in the year 1940 when the women performed to entertain the male members. It led to the upsurge of diseases like HIV/Aids, as it was performed in an open-air with an intention to provoke the male members to have sexual relations. It is evident from the histories that during the 1940s, women were treated as sexual objects and were used by men for their sexual pleasure. During these cultural events, women were sexually exposed to various sexual diseases majorly HIV/Aids. This aspect of sexual exposure gave rise to the number of HIV/Aids population in Swaziland, which exhibits the positive relation between Reed dance and the rising health issue (DSpace software, “Introduction and Background to the Study of Umhlanga”).
However, in contemporary society the concept of reed dance has been restructured to a considerable extent. In the present day, the reed dance is performed as a mode of celebration wherein the performance is conducted by the women for their spouses or fiancé. The new form of this event helps in reducing sexual relation before marriage by the young women as earlier, prohibiting the chances of HIV/Aids. The reintroduction has also been helping women to enjoy their freedom in a safe environment, without being sexually exposed to the outsiders (DSpace software, “Introduction and Background to the Study of Umhlanga”).
As per the Swazi Culture, unmarried women perform reed dance as a symbol of cultural presentation. It is observed that this tradition followed in Africa have an impact not only on the virginity of women but also leads to an increased risk of HIV/Aids. Reed dance is a cultural event performed in the month of September, wherein the motive of the event was performed to pay respect to the Queen. As per the traditional custom, the king picks a new female member to dance in front of the crowd wearing the traditional outfit, which includes short beaded skirts and the women are to perform topless (Dlamini 2-8). .